1、american literature produced only one famous female poet during the 19th century. this was _______. a、anne bradstreet b、jane austen c、emily dickinson d、harriet beecher
2、in 19th century america, romanticism had certain general characteristics. choose such characteristics from the following items. a、moral enthusiasm b、faith in the value of individualism and intuitive perception c、adoration for the natural world d、all of the above
3、within dickinson’s little lyrics, she addresses those issues that concern the whole human beings, which exclude ________. a、religion b、friendship c、love d、immortality
4、washington irving’s works are numerous, but his most successful work is the sketch book, of which the most famous and anthologized are ______ and “the legend of sleepy hollow”. a、a history of new york b、leatherstocking tales c、“rip van winkle” d、the pioneers
5、as a philosophical and literary movement, ______ flourished in new england from the 1830s to the civil war. a、modernism b、rationalism c、sentimentalism d、transcendentalism
6、the desire for an escape from society and a return to nature became a permanent convention of american literature, evident in _______. a、james fenimore cooper’s leatherstocking tales b、henry david thoreau’s walden c、mark twain’s huckleberry finn d、all of the above
7、among the following statements ______ is not true as to melville’s moby dick according to the textbook. a、it is regarded as the first american prose epic. b、it is easy to read because much of the talk expressed in the casual and simple language. c、the dramatic description of the hazards of whaling makes the book a very exciting sea narrative and builds a literary monument to an era of whaling industry. d、it turns out to be a symbolic voyage of the mind in quest of the truth and knowledge of the universe, a spiritual exploration into man’s deep reality and psychology.
8、statement “___” is wrong in describing hawthorne. a、one source of evil that hawthorne is concerned most is over-reaching intellect b、hawthorne is also a great allegorist c、hawthorne is also a master of symbolist d、hawthorne is a realistic writer
9、which essay of emerson is regarded as an unofficial manifesto for the “transcendental club”? a、self-reliance b、nature c、the american scholar d、the oversoul
10、melville’s ____ is an encyclopedia of everything, history, philosophy, religion, etc. in addition to a detailed account of the operations of the whaling industry. a、the old man and the sea b、moby-dick c、white jacket d、billy budd
11、by means of “free verse,” _______ believes that he has turned the poem into an open field, an area of vital possibility where the reader can allow his own imagination to play. a、emily dickinson b、ezra pound c、robert frost d、walt whitman
12、what does “setting sun” symbolize in the poem of “because i could not stop for death”? a、childhood b、youth c、maturity d、old age
13、the realistic period is referred to as “the gilded age” by ______. a、mark twain b、henry james c、emily dickinson d、theodore dreiser
14、with howells, james, and mark twain active on the scene, ______ became the major trend in the seventies and eighties of the 19th century. a、rationalism b、sentimentalism c、realism d、romanticism
15、_______, being a boy’s book specially written for the adults, is mark twain’s most representative book. a、roughing it b、the adventures of huckleberry finn c、life on the mississippi d、the adventures of tom sawyer
16、according to ________, only short poem could sustain the level of emotion on the reader that was generated by all good poetry. a、philip freneau b、edgar allan poe c、william cullen bryant d、nathaniel hawthorne
17、a preoccupation with the demonic and the mystery of evil marked the works of hawthorne, poe, _______, and a host of lesser writers. a、emerson b、whitman c、melville d、mark twain
18、________ is a humorous tale of a lazy villager in the mountains of upstate new york. a、the legend of the sleepy hollow b、rip van winkle c、the minister’s back veil d、the twice-told tales
19、which of the following is not a work of emily dickinson’s? a、this is my letter to the world b、i heard a fly buzz-when i died c、the road not taken d、i like to see it lap the miles
20、the great transcendental work written by henry david thoreau is______. a、nature b、walden c、experience d、essays
21、james fenimore cooper is a famous novelist of american realism.
22、poe preferred to write about normal love.
23、in almost every book he wrote, hawthorne discussed sin and evil.
24、like romanticism, transcendentalism rejected both 18th century rationalism and established religion, which for the transcendentalists meant the puritan tradition in particular.
25、moby-dick is melville’s semi-autobiographical novel.
26、the romantic writers would focus on individual feelings and strong imagination.
27、whitman’ s poetry is filled with pessimistic views about new things and new epoch.
28、henry james’ influence was exerted not on his own age but on the one that followed.
29、o. henry’s “the gift of the magi” is a very moving story of a young couple who sell their best possessions in order to get money for a christmas present for each other.
30、mark twain is usually called: " the true father of our national literature" by some american critics.
31、the ______ period of american literature started with the publication of washington irving’s the sketch book, reached its height with melville’s works, and ended with whitman’s leaves of grass.
32、_____tells a simple but very moving story in which four people living in a puritan community are involved in and affected by the sin of adultery in different ways.
33、after death, _____ became the only american poet who was honored with a bust in the poet’s corner.
34、in his cluster of poems called ______ walt whitman gave america its first genuine epic poem.
35、the american transcendentalists highlighted spirits, or the _____, as the most important thing in the universe, which was an all-pervading power for goodness, omnipresent and omnipotent.
36、as one of america’s first and foremost realists and humorists, _______, the pen name of samuel langhorne clemens, usually wrote about his own personal experiences and things he knew about from firsthand experiences.
37、thoreau was often alone in the woods or by the pond, lost in spiritual communication with ______.
38、______ was the first american to achieve an international literary reputation after the revolutionary war.
39、the period from 1865—1914 has been referred to as the age of _______in the literary history of the united states.
40、in walt whitman’s “there was a child went forth”, the child refers to ___________.