1、read the newspaper article and answer the questions below. macro focus, inc. takes first women ceo san francisco, ca – over the years, julie hughes’ supervisors and colleagues have described her as being hardworking and a team player. now that she has been promoted from being the director of marketing to the ceo of macro focus, inc., julie says all those years of hard work and learning to work well with other people are finally paying off. macro focus, inc. is a consulting firm that focuses on helping small businesses improve their organization and business systems. when asked the secret of her success, julie says she’s good at adapting to new situations. her advice for other woman professionals that are hoping to become ceos or other top executive positions in their companies is not only to learn how to adapt and adjust, but also understand corporate culture(公司文化). she warns that most people think if you wear a suit to work, you have done enough to adapt to corporate culture. julie warns that while attire(服装、盛装) is important, you need to also be a team player, and be good at small talk so that you can represent your company well. julie has been an employee of macro focus, inc. for eight years. she starts her new duties as ceo (chief executive officer 首席执行官) this week. julie lives in san francisco with her husband mark, and two children. 1. before she was the ceo, julie hughes’ job at macro focus, inc. was_______. a. ceo b. director of marketing c. consultant 2. macro focus, inc. is a company that works with_______. a. small companies b. large companies c. ceos 3. the second paragraph is about_______. a. julie’s personal life b. macro focus, inc. c. how to become a woman ceo 4. according to the article, some people think that corporate culture is only about_______. a. clothing b. small talk c. working on a team
2. expressing gratitude
1、read the article and answer the questions below. hurricane loretta hits florida shore miami, fl—residents of southern florida are recovering from a hard hit from hurricane loretta(洛蕾塔飓风). hurricane loretta, with its fierce(猛烈的、强烈的) winds and rain, caused destruction and flooding in miami and surrounding areas. some of the floods were so bad that the streets looked like rivers. this hurricane comes after a summer of drought(干旱、旱灾) and dryness followed by a series of other hurricanes and smaller tropical storms in the area. although hurricanes and tropical storms are certainly not new to florida, the severity of the storms in recent years has caused many scientists to point to global warming. global warming , or the increase in the earth’s atmospheric(大气的) temperature, is thought to cause more severe weather and natural disasters: hurricanes, floods, droughts, tornadoes(旋风、龙卷风), and heat waves. most scientists agree that the main cause of global warming is humans. as humans, we have created this change by polluting the earth with our cars and other technology, as well as deforestation(采伐森林、森林开伐), or cutting down trees and forests. true or false? （ ）1. loretta is the name of a city near miami, florida. （ ）2. the destruction was caused by the hurricane’s wind and rain. （ ）3. it has been raining and flooding all year in southern florida. （ ）4. tropical storms are bigger and more severe than hurricanes. （ ）5. the earth’s temperature is getting warmer. this is called global warming. （ ）6. scientists don’t know what is causing global warming. （ ）7. global warming causes extreme weather.
reading comprehension 阅读理解（三）
1、read the information and answer the questions below. meet the backstreet boys popular around the world, the backstreet boys（后街男孩）is the biggest selling boy band（乐队）of the time. the backstreet boys were formed in 1993 in florida after two years of auditions（试演，试唱） with boys who hoped to be in the band. the final result was five numbers: nick carter, howie dorough, brian littrell, a.j.mclean, and kevin richardson. together they recorded numerous albums（唱片集，歌集）and by 2006, they had sold nearly 80 million albums, making them the most successful boy band in the world. nick carter, who is often considered the lead singer（主唱，领唱）, is the youngest member of the band. he was only twelve years old when he was first brought into the group and many fans feel his personality type in the band is the “heartthrob”（迷人的出名男人）. over the years, he has been featured in many teen magazines and won many awards for being a popular teen idol（偶像）. in june of 2006, kevin richardson announced that he would be leaving the band to pursue other interests. the remaining members of the band decided that they would continue without him, so now the backstreet boys has only four members. true or false （ ）1. the backstreet boys are only popular in the united states. （ ）2. the backstreet boys are the number one boy band of all time. （ ）3. there were four original band members in the group. （ ）4. nick carter plays the drums, but he doesn’t ever sing. （ ）5. nick carter is the youngest member of the band. （ ）6. one of the band members left in 2006, so now there are only four backstreet boys.
reading comprehension 阅读理解（四）
1、read the information and answer the questions below. get organized now! is your home or office cluttered（把……弄乱）? do you have a difficult time finding things? do you have a hard time throwing things away? adea can help! how it works: first, one of your organization experts will visit your home or office to develop a plan to clear the clutter（杂乱的东西）from your home. the plan will involve learning how to get rid of（除去，摆脱）things you don’t need, setting priorities and organizing a schedule. next, the organization expert will take you on a guided tour of our showroom so that you can purchase items that will help you keep your new space clean and orderly. furthermore, while in the retail area, your organization expert will advise you on how to decorate your space using styles that you like. while shopping with your organizational expert, you will be given a chance to purchase the items you pick out at a 10% discount. finally, you and your organizational expert take the items you brought at the store back to your home or office so that you can set up your space in a functional and visually pleasing way. adea… we start you on your way to organized living, one room at a time. true or false （ ）1. adea is a store that also has a service to help you get organized. （ ）2. the organizational expert does all of the cleaning, organizing, and shopping for you. （ ）3. the organizational expert takes you shopping at the adea store. （ ）4. you can only go to adea while you are working with an organizational expert
reading comprehension 阅读理解（五）
1、read the magazine article and answer the questions below. the next step in i.q. testing: animals by thomas swaze intelligence quotient（商） tests, commonly called i.q. tests, were first introduced to the world in 1905 by the french psychologist（心理学专家） alfred biner. i.q. tests are designed to measure general intelligence and after taking one, you are given a score which is simply referred to as your i.q. today there are many different i.q. tests that often have different subcategories（子分类，子范畴）; however, the basic premise（前提） is the same: a test will measure a person’s general intelligence factor. while widely recognized, the concept of the i.q. is also controversial（争论的，有争议的） because many people believe that intelligence is more affected by environment than by your genetic（遗传的） make-up. therefore, many consider it an unfair measure of intelligence due to the wide variety of environmental factors in the world such as social class and nutrition（营养）. dr. bob staffer, a veterinarian（兽医） that specializes in treating and training zoo animals, has developed a new i.q. test that is specifically designed to test animals. the test includes a series of tasks which often involve treats for motivating the animals. dr. staffer has tried his test out on different zoo animals and says that chimpanzees（黑猩猩） are the smartest he’s seen yet. （ ）1. i.q. test are designed to measure a person’s _______. a. social class b. nutrition c. general intelligence （ ）2. i.q. test are controversial because many people think that _______. a. environment affects intelligence b. animals don’t have intelligence c. the tests are designed poorly （ ）3. a veterinarian is a doctor that specializes in treating _______. a. women b. children c. animals （ ）4. according to dr. staffer’s i.q. test, _______ are the smartest animals. a. humans b. chimpanzees c. veterinarians
6. asking for and giving directions
reading comprehension 阅读理解（六）
1、read the advertisement and answer the questions below. have you ever wished you could control your dreams? do you want to have happy 7& positive dreams every night? the dream machine can help you dream happy thoughts every night by sending you positive energy while you sleep.❉ ❉ just follow these three easy steps: 1. press the power button to turn on your dream machine. you will see a blinking（眨眼，闪烁） light followed by the message, “what would you like to dream?” 2. program the dream machine with the dream of your choosing by typing in keywords such as “a beautiful wedding”, “winning the lottery（彩票）”, or “becoming a movie star”. then tape a relevant picture to the screen. for example, use a picture of money if you want to dream about winning the lottery. 3. place the dream machine on your nightstand（床头柜）, turn off the light and go to sleep. you’ll have beautiful, restful（休息充足的） sleep and sweet dreams. you will wake up feeling happy. ❉ ❉this statement has not been evaluated by the food and drug administration (fda). this product is intended to diagnose（治疗）, treat, cure or prevent any disease or disorder. consistency（稠度，坚韧性） of results may be affected by both personal and external factors. if you experience day mouth, heart palpitations（心跳，悸动） or difficulty breathing discontinue use immediately and consult your doctor. true or false. （ ）1. the makers of the dream machine say it can help cure heart disorders. （ ）2. there are three steps to getting the dream machine to work. （ ）3. if you want to dream about a wedding, you need to have a picture of a wedding. （ ）4. according to the advertisement, one possible side effect is having nightmare. （ ）5. if you are having personal problems, they could affect how well the dream machine works. （ ）6. the dream machine is widely recognized and is used by doctors around the world.
reading comprehension 阅读理解（七）
1、what exactly is a lie? is it anything we say which we know is untrue? or is it something more than that? for example, suppose a friend wants to borrow some money from you. you say, “i wish i could help you but i’m short of money myself.” in fact, you are not short of money but your friend is in the habit of not paying his debts and you don’t want to hurt his feelings by reminding him of this. is this really a lie? professor jerald jellison of the university of southern california has made a scientific study of lying. according to him, women are better liars（撒谎者，说谎者） than men, particularly when telling a “white lie”, such as when a woman at a party tells another woman that she likes her dress when she really think it looks terrible. however, this is only one side of the story. other researchers say that men are more likely to tell serious lies, such as making a promise which they have no intention of carrying out. this is the kind of lie politicians and businessmen are supposed to be particularly skilled at: the lie from which the liar hopes to profit（获利）or gain in some day. research has also been one into the way people’s behavior changes in a number of small, apparently unimportant ways when they lie. it has been found that if they are sitting down at the time, they tend to move about in their chairs more than usual. to the trained observer they are saying “i wish i were somewhere else now.” they also tend to touch certain parts of the face more often, in particular the nose. one explanation of this may be that lying causes a slight increase in blood pressure. the tip of the nose is very sensitive to such changes and the increased pressure makes it itch（痒）. another gesture which gives liars away is what the writer desmond morris in his book man watching calls “the mouth cover”. he says there are several typical forms of his, such as covering part of the mouth with fingers, touching the upper-lip or putting a finger of the hand at one side of the mouth. such a gesture can be understood as an unconscious（无意识的）attempt on the part of the liar to stop himself or herself from lying. of course, such gestures as rubbing（擦、摩擦） the nose or covering the mouth, or moving about in a chair cannot be taken as proof that the speaker is lying. they simply tend to occur more frequently in this situation. it is not one gesture alone that gives the liar away but a whole number of things, and in particular the context（情境）in which the lie is told. （ ）1. according to professor jellison, a “white lie” appears to be a lie ___. a. that are told to mean the opposite. b. that a liar tells unconsciously. c . that the teller tells to profit or gain some advantage from it. d. which is harmless and told so as not to hurt someone else. （ ）2. research on lying suggests that women ___. a. are more skilled at telling less serious lies than men do b. tell more lies than men do c. like to flatter（奉承）people more often than men do d. are better at telling lies at parties than men do （ ）3. one reason why people sometimes cover their mouths while lying is that ___. a. they wish those words had not come out of their mouths. b. mouth is very sensitive to physical changes caused by lying. c. they are trying unconsciously to stop themselves from telling lies. d. they regret that their lies might hurt other people’s feelings. （ ）4. we can realize from the passage that ____. a. certain gestures can be used as proof to judge whether a speaker is lying or not. b. politicians and businessmen lie more often than ordinary people. c. some gestures are proofs of lying only if they occur too often. d. there is no simple way to judge if people tell lies or not.